General Article History of an epidemic

Topic Selected: AIDS & HIV
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Prior to 1981

HIV transfers to humans in Africa 60–100 years earlier.

 

1981

First cases of previously unidentified illness reported.

 

1982

AIDS acronym established for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

 

1983

3,000 cases reported in US of which 1,000 have died.

 

1984

Scientists in France and US identify HIV as cause of AIDS.

 

1986

38,000 cases reported from 85 countries.

 

1990

Eight million people estimated to be living with HIV.

 

1996

First combination therapy becomes widely available in western countries.

 

1997

Deaths related to AIDS begin to decline in developed countries and Brazil becomes first developing country to offer universal access to combination therapy.

 

2002

Botswana begins first national treatment programme in Africa.

 

2003

Four million people in developing countries are receiving treatment for HIV; however, another 9.5 million are still in immediate need of treatment.

Generic HIV medication becomes more widely available in...

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