YouGov interviewed fans and the general public in England, Scotland, France, Germany, Spain, Italy and The Netherlands about their attitudes to racism and homophobia in football.
Reports from fans across Europe consistently show that racism exists in football. Italian football tops the league, with 92% of fans saying it exists in Italian football. England is a close second with 91%, with Spanish fans reporting the lowest incidence of racism, with 73% feeling that it exists.
Of those who say that racism exists, English fans are amongst the least likely to view the problem as serious (43%). Scottish fans are the least likely to see racism as a serious problem (38%), with Italian fans the most likely (71%).
The issue has recently come to prominence in Italian football. In January, former AC Milan forward Kevin-Prince Boateng became the first player to walk off the pitch in response to racist chanting, with the game later abandoned. Since then a referee