We applied for nearly a thousand advertised jobs using equivalent job applications. These fictitious applications were randomly assigned names associated with white and minority ethnic groups.
The outcomes of these applications allowed us to estimate the extent of racial discrimination in the early stages of recruitment in British cities. We uncovered significant and widespread discrimination.
- For each job interview invitation, 16 job applications had to be sent from ethnic minority candidates, compared to nine from white candidates.
- Same level of discrimination across all cities and occupations.
- No discrimination found among employers using their own application forms.
- Public sector employers are less likely to discriminate.
- All minority ethnic groups were discriminated against.