In creating the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the international community has recognised that children are people who have rights that must be respected equally to those of adults.
Four main principles form the core of the CRC:
Non-discrimination or universality (article 2): All children have rights, regardless of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.
- Best interests (article 3): The child’s best interests must be a primary consideration in all decisions affecting her or him.
- Life, survival and development (article 6): All children have a right to life, and to survive and develop – physically, mentally, spiritually, morally, psychologically and socially – to their full potential.
- Respect for the views of the child (article 12): Children have the right to express themselves freely on matters that affect them, and to have their views taken seriously.
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