General Article Births in England and Wales: 2019

Topic Selected: Fertility and Reproduction Book Volume: 387

An extract.

Main points

  • There were 640,370 live births in England and Wales in 2019, a decrease of 2.5% since 2018 and a 12.2% decrease since the most recent peak in 2012.
  • The total fertility rate (TFR) for England and Wales decreased from 1.70 children per woman in 2018 to 1.65 children per woman in 2019; this is lower than all previous years except 2000, 2001 and 2002.
  • The TFR for Wales was the lowest since records began in 1982 at 1.54 children per woman.
  • Fertility rates for women in age groups under 30 years were at the lowest level since records began in 1938.
  • Fertility rates decreased in all age groups except for women aged 40 years and over, among whom the rate increased to 16.5 births per 1,000 women.
  • The stillbirth rate for England fell to a record low for the third consecutive year to 3.8 stillbirths per 1,000 total births, while the stillbirth rate for Wales increased from 4.4 to 4.6 stillbirths per 1,000 total births in 2019.

Statistician’s comment

‘The story of birt...

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