Bullying is the persistent, intentional harming of another person with an unequal power relationship. The types of bullying fall into a number of categories, including verbal, physical, emotional and non-verbal.
Bullying is not confined to school; bullying happens in the home and other areas of a child’s life, particularly in places where children congregate. Increasingly, bullying is happening via text message and online.
- Since December 1999 all schools must have an anti-bullying policy in place by law.
- Since April 2004 all schools and LEAs have a duty to make arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
- Children who are bullied can suffer immense emotional and physical trauma, sometimes with lasting effects.
- Children can be bullied for a number of reasons including appearance, race, religion, social background, disability or sexuality.<