General Article Dyslexia and dyscalculia

Topic Selected: Disabilities
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About dyslexia

Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty that affects approximately 10% of the UK population to varying degrees.

A working definition of dyslexia, as formulated by the Rose Review’s Expert Advisory Group, is that dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling, which occurs across the range of intellectual abilities. Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed. It is best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category, and there are no clear cut-off points. Co-occurring difficulties may be seen in aspects of language, motor co-ordination, mental calculation, concentration and personal organisation, but these are not, by themselves, markers of dyslexia. A good indication of the severity and persistence of dyslexic difficulties can be gained by examining how the individual responds or has responded to well-fo...

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