European Convention on Human Rights

Topic Selected: Human Rights

General Article icon Type: General Article

The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is an international human rights treaty, which means an agreement between governments. It gives all people – adults, children and young people – a set of rights, such as the right to life and the right to freedom of religion.

The ECHR is divided into ‘articles’, or sections. Each article contains a different right. You can read about these below.

The Human Rights Act 1998 made the ECHR part of domestic law, which means that a person can take their case to court in England if they think their rights have been breached. If the English courts reject their claim, they can then take it to the European Court of Human Rights.


The rights in the ECHR are:

Article 2

The right to life.

Article 3

Freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 4

Freedom from slavery.

Article 5

Right to liberty a

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