Affects the already vulnerable
One of the most severe by-products of global warming and climate change is increasingly widespread drought, which will affect a large number of nations in the future, especially those in regions already prone to experiencing such phenomena. Droughts have a major impact on food security, especially for vulnerable populations, and also can have major long-term socio-economic impacts. Countries reliant on hydropower for electricity generation experience power shortages. Countries reliant upon rain-fed agriculture can find that the GDP for the country as a whole is significantly reduced in times of drought.
The challenge is to reduce the negative impact of floods and droughts on human lives and livelihoods by reducing the risk of such disasters, and by building resilience of people and communities. Prediction and monitoring are key to developing early warning systems and disaster preparedness. Approaches shou