- Worldwide, 2.5 million [2.2 million–2.8 million] people became newly infected with HIV in 2011.
- 25 countries have seen a 50% or greater drop in new HIV infections since 2001.
- A There has been a 42% reduction in new HIV infections in the Caribbean (the second most affected region in the world after sub-Saharan Africa).
- Half of all reductions in new HIV infections in the last two years have been among newborn children – showing that elimination of new infections in children is possible.
- A In 2011, new infections in children were 43% lower than in 2003, and 24% lower than 2009.
However progress is uneven. Since 2001, the number of people newly infected in the Middle East and North Africa increased by more than 35%. In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, there has also been an increase in new HIV infections in recent years.
- In 2011, 1.7 million [1.5 million