By Ksenya Kopilovsky
A report by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP, 2003) on the subject of tourism and biodiversity suggests that ‘resource depletion and habitat disruption, littering and water pollution are problems associated with mainstream tourism that can have negative consequences for biodiversity conservation’. But in the late 1980s, people found a new way of exploring the Earth’s wonders and it has been evolving and becoming more popular ever since.
According to the World Travel & Tourism Council, tourism generates nearly 11% of Global Domestic Product (GDP), making it one of the largest industries on the planet (if not the largest). Nearly 700 million people travel outside of their countries for various purposes (vacation, business, medical) every year, many making their way to resorts in the global ‘hot spots’, such as the Caribbean Islands, Ocean Islands, the Cape Floristic Region of South Africa, the Mediterr