General Article Guided busways: frequently asked questions

Topic Selected: Sustainable Transport
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What is a guided busway?

A guided busway is usually a dedicated, buses-only route with buses running on a purpose-built track. The bus is guided along the route so that steering is automatically controlled and, like a tram, the vehicle follows a set path. The bus driver controls the speed of the vehicle.

How are guided buses guided?

Kerb-guided buses are normal, everyday buses with a driver at the wheel. What makes them different is small guide wheels attached to the front wheels of the bus, that run along the vertical face of kerbs on a purpose-built track called a guideway. The guide wheels steer the bus whilst it’s in the guideway.
Guideways can be used for part or all of a bus route. Guided buses can be either low-speed operations, introduced to relieve congestion in busy towns, or high-speed operations, which provide ‘light rapid transit’ (LRT) over longer distances.
Other guided bus technology uses remote guidance by radio, electro-magnetic or optical systems, but Britpave, a...

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