General Article History of terrorism

Topic Selected: Terrorism
This article is 9 years old. Click here to view the latest articles for this topic.

What is terrorism?

Terrorism is distinguished from other acts of violence, and from war, by always having these four characteristics:

  • Terrorists violate the rules of modern warfare, established in acts called the Geneva Conventions and Hague Conventions; or they are actors (e.g., sub-state groups) who can't declare war legitimately;
  • Its goal is to achieve political change;
  • Its targets are symbolic of the political issue in question;
  • Acts of terror are designed to get attention from the public and media.

Terrorism in the pre-modern world

Violent acts on behalf of political change are as old as human history. The Sicarii were a first-century Jewish group who murdered enemies and collaborators in their campaign to oust their Roman rulers from Judea.

The Hashhashin, whose name gave us the English word 'assassins,' were a secretive Islamic sect active in Iran and Syria from the 11th to the 13th century.

Their dramatically executed assassinations of Abbasid and Seljuk political figures ...

Would you like to see the rest of this article and all the other benefits that Issues Online can provide with?

Sign up now for an immediate no obligation FREE TRIAL and view the entire collection