General Article Infertility treatments

Topic Selected: Fertility and Reproduction Book Volume: 387

If you have fertility problems, the treatment you’re offered will depend on what’s causing the problem and what’s available from your local clinical commissioning group (CCG).

There are 3 main types of fertility treatment:

  • medicines
  • surgical procedures
  • assisted conception – including intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilisation (IVF)

Medicines

Common fertility medicines include:

  • clomifene – encourages the monthly release of an egg (ovulation) in women who do not ovulate regularly or cannot ovulate at all
  • tamoxifen – an alternative to clomifene that may be offered if you have ovulation problems
  • metformin – is particularly beneficial for women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • gonadotrophins – can help stimulate ovulation in women, and may also improve fertility in men
  • gonadotrophin

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