Antisemitism means hatred of Jews. The word first appeared in the 19th century, when classification of people into different races was considered normal. Many people in Europe thought the ‘white race’ was better than other races. But do Jews belong to a separate ‘race’? And is antisemitism racism?
Racism is based on the idea that there are different human races: the ‘white race’, the ‘black race’, the ‘yellow race’, and the ‘red race’. People of the same race are assumed to share certain characteristics.
Hitler and the National Socialists (Nazis) also believed that people could be divided into races. And they believed that the races were in competition with each other. According to the Nazis, the Jews were a weak, dangerous, and inferior race that did not belong in Germany.
The ideas of Hitler and the Nazis were racist. After the Second World War, science showed that the cla
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