General Article Issues surrounding children's rights

Topic Selected: Human Rights
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About your rights

Every child and young person under the age of 18 has rights, no matter who they are, where they live or what they believe in. These rights are protected by an agreement between almost all of the countries in the world.

On 20 November 1989, the world made a set of promises to all children when it adopted the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. All of the countries in the world have now signed up to it except for Somalia and the United States of America. A convention is an agreement between countries to obey the same law.

The Convention states that every child has the same rights:

  • the right to a childhood (which includes protection from harm);
  • the right to be educated (which includes all girls and boys completing primary school);
  • the right to be healthy (which includes having clean water, nutritious food and medical care);
  • the right to be treated fairly (which includes changing laws and practices that are unfair on children);
  • the right to ...

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