The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is an international treaty – an agreement between different countries – designed specifically to meet the needs of children. Children have all of the rights in other international human rights treaties too, but the UNCRC includes additional rights which only children need.
The UNCRC says that all children and young people under the age of 18 have certain rights. The Convention is separated into 54 ‘articles’, or sections. The rights in the treaty include the right to education, the right to play, the right to health and the right to respect for privacy and family life. You can read about the rights protected by the Convention here.
All children should enjoy all of the rights, without discrimination on grounds such as disability, sex, race, age or sexual orientation, and whatever the circumstances in which they live or are cared for.
When a state ratifies (signs up to) a treaty it