Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. These shifts may be natural, such as through variations in the solar cycle. But since the 1800s, human activities have been the main driver of climate change, primarily due to burning fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas.
Burning fossil fuels for energy, transport and industry releases greenhouse gases, which cause global warming. Things like farming, cutting down forests and overfishing are making it worse. There is no doubt that human activities are causing climate change, which means we are also able to stop it.
The effects of climate change are with us right now. Millions are suffering already. And younger generations are being robbed of their future on a healthy, liveable planet.
As experts on climate change, many people ask us, what can I do personally about it?
And how does this fit into the bigger picture?
The IPCC synthesis report sets out how the world can stick to its 1.5°C, but says that countries are substantially off track to meet it.
By Daniel Capurro, Environment Correspondent
One generation of world leaders has failed to halt climate change. The next generation intend to change all that.
By Suna Erdem
The Egyptian COP27 Presidency chose gender, alongside water, as the theme for proceedings on Monday (14 November). Here, we explain why gender equality is so important to delivering international goals on climate mitigation and adaptation.
By Sarah George
If everyone in the developed world rung in these changes, emissions would fall by a quarter, research suggests.
The average global temperature has risen by more than 1C in the last 140 years – what’s going on and does it matter?
By Harry Cockburn
From moving the date of school exams to painting railway tracks white and retrofitting hospitals, the UK has its work cut out preparing for extreme heat.
By Madeleine Cuff, Environment Correspondent
By Stefan Ellerbeck
Activism is important, but it has to be done in a way that doesn’t instill hopelessness in everyone around us.
By Danielle Butcher
The window to stop dangerous climate change is closing, but solutions to slash emissions in the next decade are here now, say IPCC experts.
By Lottie Morgan, Siobhan Stack-Maddox, Nicole Kuchapski, Katrine Petersen, Hana Amer
By Rita Nogherotto, Clara Burgard & Chris D. Jones
Seven in 10 of all generations surveyed recognise the need for action.
By Christian Morris
Earth’s climate has fluctuated through deep time, pushed by these 10 different causes. Here’s how each compares with modern climate change.
By Howard Lee
By Jack Miller
By Ama Lorenz